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The Six Sigma Evolution *

Motorola (1987) – Originator of Six Sigma – Developed the MAIC Methodology (M – Measure, A – Analyze, I – Improve, C – Control) Allied Signal (1992) – Extendes Six Sigma to Non manufacturing Process – Include Process Maping ang Anaysis Tools General Electric (1995) – Added DEFINE stage to MAIC – Applied Six Sigma in Product /Service Development (DFSS – Design for SIx Sigma) and Lean Production – As a Leadership development program Sony (2000) – Developed a detail define methodology – Incorporated Six Sigma into Business and Planning Process – Promote Top down goal development & Critical Thinking *from various sources

Statistics is The Main Tool to Perform Six Sigma Project

statistic for improvement Of the various methods in plant improvement, Six Sigma is one of improvement by using statistical methods as the main tool to analyze and produce data that is the result of improvement. So, what is meant by statistics here. Statistics is a branch of mathematics devoted to learning about these data have been learned since elementary school. Because of the importance of statistical science is the statistical program is taught in every school curriculum from primary school to university faculty who become their own, because the breadth of knowledge learned. In applications in industry statistics are indispensable for the improvement process to improve quality and productivity. In general, the statistics are defined as follows: 1. The science That deals with the c ollection, classification, analysis, and interpretation of numerical facts and data 2. That language describes and analyze the physical variability of a process

Six Sigma Training: What Should be Explained in the Implementation of Six Sigma

A lot of institutions that offer good training six sigma green belt training, black belt training, master black belt and Champion training. The main objective of the training is to establish a theme that is strong and well organized to achieve the expected results where the results of research and analysis can be applied and standardized in the area of the company. Of course, with a significant added value and profitable company. Some training materials are usually delivered by professional trainers, trainers in the field of six sigma are: Understanding Six Sigma What is sig sigma? Basically, trainees must understand the true understanding of six sigma include background doing six sigma, six sigma project objectives done and the achievement of the expected after a six sigma project.

Six Sigma Analysis Tools: Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) Facilitate the Flow of Work

Standard peration Procedure, Operation Instruction, Work Instruction is a detaileddescription is taken from the PF diagram. If the PF SCARA workflow diagram explaining the outline and for more details poured into Operation Instruction / work procedures that have been standardized In the Standard Operation Procedure contains specifications for each activity and made detailed and as simple as possible in order to be understood by all operators who run them. In six sigma among the tools that one another have different capabilities in providing data for analysis. They have their own way to solve the problem. Identify the problem can be seen clearly with the root-case analysis or fishbone diagram. After knowing the root of problems in manufacturing the next step is to create a procedure to complete. One way is to make the standard Operation Procedure, for completion of the steps that we do can walk with a systematic and orderly

Six Sigma analysis tools: Pareto Diagrams Identify Priorities

pareto diagram example Pareto diagram was first introduced by economists from Italy called Vilvredo Pareto in 1897 and then used Dr prosperity in the field of quality control. Pareto diagram identical to know the level of priority. At the highest frequency pareto diagrams are sorted to the lowest frequency that will be known factors are the priorities of the object being studied. Pareto used to determine the factors that most influence on an event or process. For example, in the company’s cost burden borne so great that profits are very low. Having conducted the analysis with various objects for example, material financing, employee wages, fuel, engine maintenance, and so got that finance staff are still ranked first in corporate finance thanks to our knowledge about how some of the rich & famous end up dead broke by plunged in debt . Data with pareto model already available that the cost of workers’ salaries are still high, again what to do? Still must be discussed and analyzed wh

Six Sigma Analysis Tools: Histogram Displays the Distribution of a set of Continuous Data

A histogram is a vertical bar chart displays the distribution of That a set of continuous data. It Can Be Used to indicate the location and dispersion of the data. Histograms are also often referred to as Frequency Distribution Chart, where the presence of the histogram graph, we can easily find out frequencies in the view bar on the histogram. In a lot of manufacturing will produce variations in the data. These data should be grouped in certain frequency intervals. This grouping is shown in the graph if the histogram will be clear. The highest stem is the highest frequency of our data analysis. Next the left of kana is data with frequency with a value below it and so on. Distribution and frequency grouping would facilitate determining the decision limits the data that is used in accordance with the needs or variations in data that must be removed.

Six Sigma analysis Tools: Scatter diagram to Show the Correlation of the X Axis and Y Axis

In a project such as six sigma manufacturing, Scatter diagrams are often used to examine the relationship between the data on one with the other data as well as to determine the level of relationship. Is there a correlation between axis X and axis Y. The objective of the scatter diagram is to correspond two sets of data and to Examine the distribution pattern. For example, the correlation between the activity of 5S with product defects. Many people who say that 5S no correlation with product defects. But after the research with an intensive campaign 5s sharp increase product quality. It cannot be directly seen that the activity can affect the quality of 5s. However, the characteristics of 5S itself is indeed a basic activity of manufacturing that builds awareness of each employee to improve both attitude and discipline to what is done. The result can significantly reduce the defective

Six Sigma analysis tools: Diagram of CE/CNX | Cause and Effect | Constant-Noise-Experiment Diagram

Next tools are often used to analyze six sigma is a diagram of the CE / CNX or better known as Fish Bone diagram or Isikawa diagrams. The use and characteristics of fish bone diagram is – Used to analyze the causes of a problem and finding the roots of existing problems – Describe in detail the causes of the problem down to the smallest. – The cause and effect diagram shows the systematic relationship Between a fixed result and the related causes. – This diagram can be said the version details of the IPO diagram where each component in the IPO seen again the parts are more detailed. – In general diagram of the CE / CNX is usually produced from the discussion / brainstorming.

Six Sigma Should be Presented with the Process Flow Diagram

Many things are done in running a project including project development six sigma quality, the way to do it requires a systematic measures and targeted to produce a directional well. It is therefore necessary that the raw sequence that could indicate the activities that need to be done. In any production process standardization process flow is needed to serve as guidelines for new and old employees. Because if there is no standardization of the work of each worker will look chaotic and irregular, although the end result is the same. In the end that feels is waste which caused the inequality standard work each worker.

IPO Diagram to Explain the Relationship of Input, Process and Output in Six Sigma Analysis

IPO Diagram is often used for the analysis of six sigma. In a simple diagram of an IPO can be shown in the picture beside. This diagram to easily illustrate the relationship of input, process and output. This graph provides a clear explanation of the inputs used and outputs must be generated by each function. This diagram is often used as a means of program documentation. In broad outline can be explained that the input data shows that will be used by the process. The process itself is the steps used to solve problems that illustrate the working of the function. While output is a data item produced or modified by the steps in the process. The diagram has a standard IPO called 1E 5M (Man, Machine, Method, Materials, Measurement and Environment). Which describe in detail the ways and factors that affect the manufacturing system in general. While the expected output is the productivity and quality are better aligned with the main objective of Six Sigma to deliver goods more quickly in the

Graphic Analysis and Six Sigma Tools

Easy to Present Research Result In research, data search, data processing and deduction will be more easily understood if set forth in graphical form. Broadly speaking we can know, conditions, problems that occur and the possibility of settlement roads. From the graph we can know the way researchers thought, about what is researched, how the methods used and HSIL will eventually like. The use of graphs in research should be undertaken as a visualization of data in the form of sequence of numbers to the layman would be difficult to translate. To present a research result, it’s easier to communicate data with the drawings. Use the chart should be made as simple as possible so that no layman can understand and describe the actual condition.

Variation in Six Sigma and Synchronization Between the Department

As explained earlier that the main goal of six sigma is to reduce variation. Reducing variation is not only related to the customer department. Reduction of variation must begin market research. Each department must apply the same thing. Just as the research department, the department is a variable that emerged such as the many levels of customer requested product variations, many variations of the cost required to conduct surveys and so forth. Having focused on the variation with a more narrow range, the next step is to synchronize the results of research with the next process. The analysis of whether market research can be well-received by the designers of the product. Various variations in the market should be focused on one or more products that have a high level of demand. Next is the product design process is applicable to existing manufacturing systems.

Six Sigma is the Project Reducing Variation

The average delivery time of electronic products from Singapore to the USA is 6 days. There are many corporate customers in the USA. Although an average of 6 days, at the customer side there has ever received the goods on day ten, but some are receive the item 4 days, two days faster than expected. There is also up to 21 days of goods not yet reached the hands of the customers. For example, the service at fast food restaurants, the average time of presentation is 5 minutes. But there who have had the service up to 15 minutes food was not ready. There are also 3 minutes are ready, anyone ever get the service up to 25 minutes. Such example is the service time variation and, if averaged over 5 minutes.

Structured Methods of Six Sigma: Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, Control

Implementation of Six Sigma statistical phases have a structured and neat. The dominance of the use of statistical science in the analysis of data is a hallmark of Six Sigma projects. Stages of implementation of Six Sigma is as follows: Define At this stage the executive team sought to identify problems, identify customer specifications and determine the goals and targets six sigma project. The intended target may be a target of zero defects, cost reduction targets, a target date and target provision of goods in accordance with the requested capacity.

DMAIC, the Black Belt and Team Executing : Foundations of Six Sigma

Six Sigma is a method that is very neat and well structured. Structure in Six Sigma projects covering the steps called DMAIC (Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve and Control). In the implementation of the project and implementation of six sigma, quality project success is highly dependent on the facilitator who understands both management and statistics. The facilitator is often called the Black Belt Furthermore, holding the most important part is the team that implementing six sigma project . This executive team must be formed in such a solid to produce fresh ideas and smart and could create the applicable standards and be accountable.

Six Sigma Concept: Race Became the Fastest

One of the six sigma concept in order to meet customer satisfaction is to be the fastest in providing and delivering goods. Trust business will be established if the supply of goods on time and not late. User company product / customer who is not an end user is also being chased time to produce their own products. For example, mobile companies are also customers of the company resistive Plate. Mobile pursue the target company to meet market demand, if there is delay in the production will be messy Besides the issue of delay caused by the production process, problems that often arise in terms of product delivery speed is the problem of delivery by freight forwarding companies associated with the distance and speed of delivery transportation. Selection of the proper delivery of services into separate items that need attention, because if one chose the company will cause a bad effect on our company’s reputation in the eyes of customers

Six sigma to Win the Competition: Better, Faster and Cheaper

Lots of methods used to raise the quality of the product, with the aim that its products can be accepted by the market and get the customer as much as possible. Competition among companies would be faced by all companies throughout the world. Therefore, competition demands that all organizations and companies must be increasingly innovative in meeting customer requirements. Complaints from customers is the beginning of distrust towards our corporate customers and is an indication of the company going bankrupt. Defects, waste in the production process to delivery into the problems facing everyday. Making zero of defects and eliminate waste in the core of quality improvement activities. Defect not simply mean the product is damaged or not used. In the concept of six sigma defect all the things that do not meet the standard can be called a defect. Production schedules that exceed the specified time targets are also called defect, workers working late also called defect, diameter bolts tha

Six Sigma: Improvement is Always Pursuing perfection

Every improvement project does not necessarily make a system or product to be perfect. In fact almost impossible to say perfect. Perfection of a product varies greatly and is affected by many things, such as the level of demand for goods that are always changing; always upgrade the production machine with a new type, raw materials such as the tarpaulin material , different from many suppliers and many more things. However, six sigma project commitments is to always pursue perfection, which means reducing the defect in the process, reducing waste in production and management and make products according to customer demand. Achieving “Zero defects” or the achievement of the lack of absence of defects and errors in the product requires a great effort involving all stakeholders in the company. To achieve product excellence there are several factors that influence it.

Six Sigma Must be Supported by the Proactive Management

Each project is associated with quality will be more effective if supported by all parties within the company. The support can be referred to financial support, ideas, support facilities to facilitate the conduct of research. Director of the company is the most important person who has broad authority and decision-makers of the highest in the company. As the most influential person must be a major icon in Six Sigma projects. Support from the director / head of the company will be a strong motivation to drive Six Sigma projects. All forms of support will facilitate the implementation of the project. Just as Six Sigma was first initiated by Motorola Corporation that was driven by one engineer named Bill Smith got the full support of CEO Bob Galvin.

Six Sigma is Collaboration All Component

Six Sigma is a great project to make improvements. Six sigma will be achieved if there is interference from all sides in a single manufacturing system. All components of the company must take part in the implementation of six sigma. To obtain optimal results six sigma collaborate with anyone in the company. Between operators with supervisors, between supervisors with the manager and so forth. as well as 5s, if all involved then the stronger the relationship between employees and the faster the target is reached. continued….