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Menampilkan postingan dari November 7, 2021

Originally unnecessary Process and Work are Deems as Necessary

The changes in production very often occur along with the development of technology used. An industrial engineer must be sensitive to changes occurring in the process sometimes unnecessary Originally process and work are deems as Necessary. Activities that should be removed occasionally still maintained by reason of changes in procedures requiring a change in the side of labor, machinery and process flow, changes in procedures also require changes in the workforce. They must be trained to follow the new working procedures. This change will be slow because it is still pictured with the old procedure. So the work habits of the old still remains taken although there has been new work procedures. So the activities that should not have to do is just done, resulting in a waste of time.

Machining and Treating Wastage

Perhaps, this wastage is the fundamental waste because it involves expertise of a planner that is industrial engineering and Treating Machining wastage. These wastes due to errors in case of early prediction of new factories, or perhaps because of changes in production systems due to changes in market demand and product characteristics are different than the initial production. Prediction Error Before starting the establishment of the factory should have been held in-depth survey of the production process and how anticipates the event of changes to the process itself. A company that big should not be risking a mistake from a planner in designing the factory, and a large company can take that long to do a survey to get a good planning and flexible to market developments. Design faults in large companies is rare, that often happens is the fault survey where production machinery, product treatment system cannot balance the market demand is changing so fast and varied.

Sistem Moneter dan Kerja Sama Antar Negara

Sistem Moneter Internasional Sistem moneter internasional yang absolut di dunia saat ini tidaklah ada. Setiap negara memiliki sistemnya sendiri. Kebanyakan orang tidak mengerti bagaimana tidak biasanya (unusual) sistem ini. Selama ribuan tahun negara-negara telah mematok mata uang mereka terhadap salah satu logam mulia (emas atau perak) atau terhadap mata uang lain. Tetapi dalam seperempat abad terakhir sejak sistem moneter internasional (bretton woods) hancur, negara-negara mengadopsi sistem moneternya sendiri, fenomena yang tidak memiliki contoh sejarah dalam kerjasama antar negara yang dikenal sebagai sistem moneter internasional.  Para ekonom mengetahui bahwa ketergantungan diantara sistem moneter internasional didukung oleh fakta bahwa keseimbangan neraca pembayaran (suatu negara) saling berhubungan satu sama lain. Apabila satu negara memiliki neraca perdagangan yang surplus maka negaranegara lain memiliki neraca perdagangan yang defisit. Jadi suatu negara bergerak menuju surplus

Imperfection in applicable standards

Standards are made based on experiences in production activities in the past who made a step-by-step improvement. But not all standards can be applied in areas of production. due to field conditions are always different, and different treatment of the product must also be different. Imperfect in applicable standards common in the production process of a product. It may be caused by imperfections in terms of work procedures, employees who have the imbalance skill standards in the relevant processes, as well as production machines that are not applicable to existing standards.

Poor Inspection Method

Perfection in a factory system is a trial error That process takes a long time. In the beginning there are still many shortcomings in terms of methods and productivity, then held for the better improvement. Improvement done still have continued weakness of the improvement and so on. However, in reality, the improvement will of always have difficulty both in technical terms, labor regulation and its supporting components. One of them is to make an adequate inspection system to avoid the nonconforming product.

Attaching Importance to Downstream Process by Inspection

Indeed, if the inspection process carried out every process in particular would use the time and labor that a lot. Waste problem again. The meaning of Attaching Importance to Downstream Process Inspection is made by the standard of work every process and every person to conduct inspections of materials and products are working. Each of the personnel involved should have the awareness to observe, identify and take action if you get the abnormality that happen at their respective working. More steady again stated in the working procedure on each person if you get a material defect should at least be reported to their superiors. With the rapid process of identifying the defects in the final product will be avoided.

Nonconforming Posibble Causes

Nonconforming product wastage, as discussed in previous articles that there is waste in the factory and has caused no small loss. Rising material cost, productivity is low, a lot of extra work to be done – reworks. It also will increase the claims of the customer the most implications for the wider world. A plant manager must be able to identify waste in the production that can then be quickly taken appropriate action. If handling the loss will slow with time chasing penganganan. The slower handling more and more losses are suffered.

Rework Activity due to Nonconforming Product

One of the waste in the production of lean manufacturing activity is due to rework activity monconforming product. Labor and production equipment must be used to rework of defective product.If the product is rejected by the customer would not want to do rework if it is still possible. Rejection by the customer because of nonconforming product may vary. For example, incompatibility between the box and its contents, should contain the product type of the A1 but the label on the written box A2. Such action is still easy to rework that is by replacing the label boxes with the same type with the contents. The most difficult is if there is mixing the product with different characteristics have However the same physical shape. Before rework carried out an inspection that requires a long time in addition to rework itself.