Menampilkan postingan dari 2013

Learn from 5S Work Culture Of Japan

The Japanese have a very good work ethic. No wonder the economy is in the Sunrise country thrives. How not, in the country the people are not only working for the money using the gambling opyions from , but the work is their pleasure. Japanese society also has a unique culture, which is to uphold the tradition. It can be seen from the attitudes, ways of thinking, working pattern, manner of dress, language, to the diet. 5S is the Japanese work culture is pretty well known people of the world, in order to increase profit, efficiency, service and safety. 5S workplace culture is Seiri, Seiton, Seiso, Seiketsu, and Shitsuke. 5S workplace culture are now widely applied in organization and business enterprises.

The concept of Kaizen

The concept of kaizen include several things , namely : A. Concept 3 M ( Muda , Mura , and Muri ) This concept was formed to reduce the number of work processes , improve quality , shorten the time and reduce or efficiency .

Correlation of Kaizen With Productivity

Kaizen concept as described above include, among others: Concept 3 M (Muda, Mura, and Muri); Movement 5 S (seiri, Seiton, Seiso, Seiketsu and Shitsuke); concept PDCA (Plan, Do, Check, Action) is are important steps towards efficiency and effectiveness of a production process that is also the principle of productivity. In other words, if well implemented Kaizen concept to a company / industry so that productivity can be achieved with good work. Then correlations between Work Productivity Kaizen with very closely, line, and support each other in efforts to increase labor productivity.

Kaizen Focused on Continuous Improvement Efforts

In Japanese, kaizen means continuous improvement. The term includes the notion of improvement involving everyone, both managers and employees, and involves a fee in an amount not how. Kaizen (??) consists of two kanji that? ( kai ) meaning ??? changes and ?( zen ) means ??( yoi ) goodness . In the language of china called gaishan (??) , gai (?) means that changes or corrective actions shan (?) means either or profits . Kaizen concept is crucial to explain the differences between the views of Japanese and Western views of the management. The most important difference between Japanese and Western management concepts is Kaizen Japanese way of thinking and process-oriented whereas Western thinking about results-oriented reforms. Kaizen philosophy assumes that our way of life such as work life or social life and home life should be focused on continuous improvement efforts. Improvements in kaizen are small and gradual. The opposite of innovation, which is generally, used in western manageme

Focus on Shitsuke that Which Sustains all 4 other Elements

To apply the 5S concept, we must focus on the element of ” Shitsuke ” that which sustains all 4 other elements . Planting element ” Shitsuke ” is a very important point . Consider the chart below control cycle . It is important for the control cycle to increase over time. Likewise, the pillar ” Shitsuke ” which should have increased along with the increase in the quality of 5S activities . 4S which consists of ” Seiri ” , ” Seiton ” , ” Seiso ” and ” Seiketsu ” is an element that we apply to the goods / particular problem as an object . As with the ” Shitsuke ” which is an element that is applied to ourselves. Therefore , ” Shitsuke ” is not a factor in the innate nature of ourselves, but things should be taught to be applied . Therefore the application of the element of ” Shitsuke ” against employees also different , tailored to the nature , way of thinking , ability to work , and various other factors of each person .

Principle of 5S

The 5S are prerequisites for any improvement program. As waste is potential gain, so eliminating waste is a gain. 5S Philosophy focuses on effective work place organization, work environment, reduces waste while improving quality and safety. There is no hope for efficiency or quality improvement with dirty work place, waste of time and scrap.

Productivity Concerning matter the final outcome

Productivity means something that contains the potential to be extracted , so that productivity may say something in order to process structured activities that explore the potential that exists in an object . Philosophy productivity implies the desire and effort of every man to always improve the quality of life and livelihood . In general, productivity is defined as the ratio between the output with the input, productivity is “Concerning matter the final outcome , ie how much the final results obtained in the production process , in this case the efficiency and effectiveness ” and Comparison between the output with the input . If productivity is rising was only made possible by an increase in efficiency ( time , materials , labor ) and labor systems , production techniques and an increase in the skills of its workforce ” . From the opinions of the aforementioned productivity has two dimensions , the first effectiveness that leads to the achievement of maximum work is the achievement

Kaizen is Divided into Three Segments

According to the concept of kaizen in Tazakigroup ( 2000 ) , kaizen is divided into three segments , depending on the needs of each company : A. Kaizen yang berorientasi pada manajemen, memusatkan perhatiannya pada masalah logistik dan strategis yang terpenting dan memberikan momentum untuk mengejar kemajuan dan moral. B. Kaizen yang berorientasi pada kelompok, dilaksanakan oleh gugus kendali mutu, kelompok Jinshu Kanshi untuk manajemen sukarela menggunakan alat statistik untuk memecahkan masalah, menganalisa, melaksanakan dan menetapkan standar atau prosedur baru. C. Kaizen yang berorientasi pada individu, dimanifestasikan dalam bentuk saran, di mana seseorang harus bekerja lebih pintar bila tidak mau bekerja keras. Kaizen is a Japanese management concept of the single most important and is the key to Japan’s success in the competition . Japan always thought that there is not one day has gone by without any action refinement. Kaizen is an integral tool of philosophy, systems and tool

Quality Function Deployment (QFD)

Quality Function Deployment ( QFD ) is a methodology in the design and development of products or services that are able to integrate ‘ consumer voices ‘ into the design process . QFD is actually a way for companies to identify and meet the needs and desires of consumers to the products or services it produces . Here are a few definitions of Quality Function Deployment according to the experts : 1. QFD is a methodology for translating customer wants and needs into a product design that has the technical requirements and characteristics of a certain quality ( Akao , 1990; Urban , 1993) . 2. QFD is a structured methodology that is used in the process of designing and developing a whole set product specification needs and desires of consumers , as well as the capability to systematically evaluate the product or service to meet the needs and desires of consumers ( Cohen , 1995) . 3. QFD is a system of product development starting from product design , manufacturing process , until the prod

How to Become a Six Sigma Black Belt

Six Sigma is a method used to achieve improvements in the business that creates high -quality goods and services . Its main purpose is to reduce the variation in all products and services through a very efficient business processes . There are different levels of six sigma certification . Each different level of Six Sigma Training and Certification convey how much knowledge and experience when it comes to a person holding a specific quality improvement strategies . In a company , the black belt is considered a leader who is responsible for overseeing six sigma efforts by lower-level professionals such as Green , Yellow , and White Belt . In order to get certified Six Sigma Black Belt there are several requirements that must be met . You need to determine if you are qualified for certification . If not , you can begin by looking into the green belt certification as a stepping stone or by taking statistics courses to prepare for higher -level math will be needed in this theory is based o

Definition of Balanced Scorecard

Balanced Scorecard concept will then be abbreviated BSC . BSC is a strategic management approach to that developed by Drs.Robert Kaplan ( Harvard Business School ) and David Norton in the early 1990s . BSC is derived from two words namely the balanced ( balanced ) and scorecard ( scorecard ) . Balanced ( balanced ) means that there is a balance between financial performance and non – financial , short-term performance and long-term performance , the performance of the internal and external performance . While the scorecard ( score card ) card is used to record a person’s performance score . Score cards also can be used to plan the score to be realized by a person in the future . BSC initially used to improve executive performance measurement system . Early use of executive performance is measured only in terms of finances . Later developed into the four broad perspective , which is then used to measure the performance of the organization as a whole . The four perspectives , namely fina

Concept Of Six Sigma Approach In Learning Organization

The main focus of Six Sigma as a management system is in three things , namely customer focus , process management as well as facts and data. In Six Sigma , customer satisfaction to be an important focus in supporting income (revenue ) . While in the process of production , the role of sig sigma reduce the risk of the appearance of the product is defective ( defect ) . With the reduced number of product defects , will directly influence the effectiveness of production activities so that the level of productivity will increase as more efficient and effective production process . Thus , viewing the business and process management as a system influence each other in order to meet customer requirements and achieve the target . Each step in the Six Sigma should be based on facts and data to improve objectivity in decision-making . Six sigma has several definitions , including the definition of six sigma based on the opinion, which states that the sig sigma is concept work more efficientl

What is Manufacturing ?

Manufacturing, in the broadest sense, is the process of transforming raw materials into products. The product manufacturing services includes: product design, material selection and process steps in which the product is made. The basic definition of manufacturing in general is a complex activity involving a wide variety of resources and activities of product design, purchasing, marketing, machinery and tooling, manufacturing, sales, design process, production control, materials delivery, service support, and customer service. Manufacturing Information System is a computer-based system that works in conjunction with other functional information systems to support company management in solving problems related to product manufacturing company that still relies essentially on the input, process and output. This system is used to support production functions which includes all activities associated with the planning and control processes to produce goods or services. An electronic contrac

7 Waste in Lean

Because the main focus of Lean is to eliminate waste in the process , then the concept is there are 7 kinds of waste that generally occurs , which must be removed . 7 Waste include: 1. Transportation Waste ( Waste consists of a transfer or conveyance that is not necessary as the placement of temporary , again buildup , the movement of goods ) 2. Waste Excess Inventory ( Inventory , stocks or excess inventory ) 3. Waste Movement ( Motion , is a waste of time that is used to look for , then movement is inefficient and not ergonomic ) 4. Waste Waiting ( Waiting , this waste among other activities including automatic machines waiting , waiting for things to come , etc. ) 5. Excess Waste Production ( Over Production , produces products exceeds demand , or ahead of schedule ) 6. Excess Waste Process ( Over Processing , adding that the process is not required for goods products will only add to the cost of production 7. Defect Waste ( Rework , rework no added value ( the customer does not pay

Increase Efficiency for Waste Elimination Process to Create New Value To Consumers

Lean Manufacturing , or also known as the Lean Enterprise , Lean Production , or simply just called ” Lean ” it is a methodology that focuses on the use of production practices and empowering resources to create value for customers ; way is by eliminating waste ( waste ) that occurs the process so that the process is more effective and efficient , with better output quality . In the eyes of the customer , ” value” as used here means all the factors that make customers willing to buy or pay for a product or service . In essence , Lean focused on ” preserving value with less work” . Fundamentally , Lean has focused on how to maximize the organization’s value ( value ) received by the customer and at the same time minimizing waste in the process . Waste ( waste ) is a process that does not provide value ( value) to customers . This concept was originally applied by Toyota in its production process . Researchers from MIT who wrote about the concept in the book ” The Machine That Changed Th

Improve the efficiency and profitability with Lean Production

Lean production starts as a manufacturing technique to improve the efficiency and profitability . Its primary focus is the elimination of waste output speed . Trash is anything that does not add value to the final product . Many manufacturing industries other than the now adopting lean principles . History Henry Ford was one of the first to understand and employ workflow automation for mass production . About 25 years later , Kiichiro Toyoda , Toyota did a lot of revision of thinking Ford and developing the Toyota Production System , which focuses on matching engines for workflow , fast production setup and change the engine to support a variety of products and the elimination of waste . Value- Added The focus of lean manufacturing is the value . Each step or process that adds value to the final product will be stored . Anything that does not add value is waste and should be eliminated . Assess the added value of the function is the first step in lean production . After that , we will

Lean Manufacturing can be defined as

Definition of Industrial Engineering

Industrial engineering is a branch of engineering that is fairly new compared to other engineering sciences such as mechanical engineering , electrical engineering and so on . At the end of the decade some of these , industrial engineering is quite popular and arguably is becoming a trend not only in industrialized countries but also in countries that are developing, including Indonesia. Industrial Engineering mention incomplete without mentioning Fredrick Winslow Taylor Taylor is probably the pioneer of Industrial Engineering of the most well-known even Fredrick Winslow Taylor is often defined as the Father of Industrial Engineering though the whole idea is not original . He presented the idea of organizing work by using management to all members of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers ( ASME ) . He coined the term ” Scientific Management ” to describe the methods which he built through empirical studies . Its activities include topics such as organizing work with the manage

Image Processing in Industrial Engineering

The development of today’s technology makes people want to improve the effectiveness and efficiency with digital technology . For example , in the past the majority of people if you want to take pictures of an object are still using analog cameras , but is now able to use a digital camera and the results are processed , stored and transmitted electronically. Computers have a very big role in data processing because it has a high computational capabilities , so that the data is processed into information . One of these data can be images or digital images that can be processed to obtain better information and efficient because the data processing is done by the computer system . Since its first appearance in 1920 of digital images , especially the emergence of applications in computer technology in digital image processing 1960 processing an image in the computer easier . Digital images or digital image can be processed by computer to obtain better information and efficiently . Processi

Application of Image Processing in Industrial Engineering

Application of image processing in Industrial Engineering is divided into four namely the application in the field of operations research, production techniques , processes and systems manufacturing , and ergonomics . Implementation in the field of operations research Application of image processing in the field of operations research is still very limited. One of the possible is to assist sampling simulation data (e.g. arrival or queue) . Implementation in the field of production engineering The application of image processing techniques in the production of many kinds, including:

Measure and monitor customer satisfaction and enterprise customers

There are several methods that can be used every company to measure and monitor customer satisfaction and enterprise customers. : 1 . System of complaints and suggestions A customer-focused company that makes its customers to provide suggestions, their opinions and complaints. Media in use include a suggestion box in place in strategic places , providing comment card and a dedicated phone line from phone systems Sydney . But because these methods tend to be passive , it is difficult to get a complete picture of contentment and customer satisfaction. Not all dissatisfied customers will then deliver them directly. Just switch to another company and not the company will be a customer again. 2. Customer satisfaction survey Generally a lot of research on customer satisfaction in a survey done by using either by post , telephone or personal interview . Measurement of customer satisfaction through this method can be done in various ways, among others: 1. Directly Reported Satisfaction Measu

Factors Affecting Customer Satisfaction

Customer satisfaction ( Customer Satisfaction) is determined by the customer’s perception of the performance of the product or service to meet customer expectations . Customers are satisfied when expectations are met or will be very satisfied if match customer expectations . In determining customer satisfaction , there are five factors that must be considered by the company ( Lupyoadi , 2001) , among others : 1. Quality of the product , ie customers will be satisfied if their results show that they are using quality products . 2. Quality of care or services , the customer will be satisfied when they get good service or as expected . 3. Emotions , ie customers will feel proud and get the belief that someone else will be amazed to him when using products with certain brands that tend to have higher levels of satisfaction . Satisfaction obtained not because of the quality of the product but the social or self- esteem that makes customers feel satisfied with a particular brand . 4. Price ,

Customer satisfaction is very dependent on the perceptions and expectations

General understanding about customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction is the result of the differences between consumer expectations with the performance perceived by consumers. Various definitions of customer satisfaction that has been researched and defined by marketing experts , it can be concluded that customer satisfaction is a behavioral response consumers in the form of after- purchase evaluation of a good or service that feels ( product performance ) compared to consumer expectations . Customer satisfaction is very dependent on the perceptions and expectations of the consumers themselves . The factors that influence perceptions and expectations of consumers when making a purchase of goods or services is the need and desire felt by the consumer when purchasing a product or service , past experience when consuming goods or services and the experience of friends who have consume the goods or services and advertising . In the competitive environment , the indicators that can demonst

5S success lies in how far people do 5S as a habit

5S success lies in how far people do 5S as a habit ( habit) instead of coercion that improvement initiatives will present itself . Below I have summarized the important things for the implementation of the 5S program based on the literature and personal perspective as well as witness the 5S activities in the workplace .

Lean manufacturing was first introduced by Taiichi Ohno

Basic principles of Lean – Sigma . Another term is an attempt to pass reforms and reduce the variety of waste that exist in a company’s products improve the quality of goods or services that will be worth more in the eyes of the customer . Basic concepts of Lean – Sigma is ultimately lower costs incurred in the activities of the company . In this case the company concentrates identify costs that should not be issued . In other words, saving is done by emphasizing both the working efficiency realized by the member firms or not . As anticipated that the implementation of lean manufacturing was first introduced by Taiichi Ohno of Toyota Motor Company , a world giant company that is always active in improvement and make innovations in the field of efficiency and product quality . With conditions such company Toyota to compete in the world market with the quality and competitive price .

About 5S - Seiri, Seiton, Seiso, Seiketsu, Shitsuke

For those of you who never interacts with the plant world is certainly no stranger to the term 5S . Factories that implement 5S program will look clean and orderly . They think the shambles it will hide the problem . 5S program is seen as an attempt to reproduce the problem that had been hidden from the problem solver (problem solver ) . Currently , 5S program has been widely adopted by various industries in different countries . Popularity of 5S is not separated from the success of Japanese industry has been focused on the reduction of all waste ( waste) . 5S is the foundation of human behavior in order to form the habit ( habit) reduces pembororsan at work . 5S program was first introduced in Japan as a movement ‘s determination to hold sorting ( seiri ) , arrangement ( Seiton ) , cleaning ( Seiso ) , maintenance of stable conditions ( Seiketsu ) , and the habit of self-realization will be necessary to carry out the work properly ( Shitsuke ) . Each S in 5S and an explanation is desc

Conditional Requirements in Quality Measurement

Some of the conditions necessary to support quality measurement that is valid is: 1. Measurements should start at the beginning of the program. 2. Quality measurements performed on the system as a whole. Starting from the idea uncuk made ​​products until the end use of the product. 3. Quality measurement should include all individuals involved in the process. Since the measurement of quality-oriented work processes, responsibilities should be the quality of the measurements on each individual involved in the process of working on the system. 4. Measurements should be able to bring up the data, where the data will be shown or displayed in the form of maps, diagrams, charts, statistical calculations, and others. 5. Measuring quality produce information – the headline should have been recorded without distortion, which means to be accurate. 6. It needs a thorough commitment to performance measurement and quality improvement. 7. Program – measurement and quality improvement program should